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Abacus and its History

Ancient Tool Actively Used in Modern Times

The word Abacus is derived from the Greek word ‘abax’, meaning ‘calculating board’ or ‘calculating table’. The first Chinese Abacus was invented around 500 B.C. The abacus, as we know it today, was used in China around 1300 A.D. Often referred to as the first computer, the Abacus is an instrument used to perform arithmetic calculations and is still used today in places like China, Japan and Russia.

What is an Abacus?

  • The word is derived from the Greek word ‘abax’, meaning “calculating board” or “calculating table”.
  • The first Chinese Abacus was invented around 500 B.C. The Abacus, as we know it today, was used in China around 1300
    A.D.
  • Often referred to as the first computer, the Abacus is an
    instrument used to add, subtract, multiply and divide, to
    calculate fractions and square roots.
  • It is still commonly used today across certain Asian communities.

The Abacus provides countable beads for children to visualize numbers
on a base-10 system. The children learn to manipulate those beads to perform arithmetic calculations such as addition and division.
More about the Abacus

What is Mental Math?
Mental math is the essential building block that replaces the physical Abacus in the child’s mind. As the children gradually learn to visualise the Abacus in their mind (virtual Abacus), they learn to calculate mathematical problems using the principles of the Abacus, without the use of the physical tool. More about Mental Math

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